The Effects of Extensive Reading on English Vocabulary Learning: A Meta-analysis

  •  Jiren Liu    
  •  Jianying Zhang    


Extensive reading has been continuously studied as a promising instructional method for improving students’ language proficiency, including reading proficiency, vocabulary acquisition, and grammar awareness. The present study is a meta–analysis, which synthesized the data of 21 empirical studies (N = 1268). It was designed to explore whether extensive reading instruction was effective in improving students’ vocabulary acquisition, and if so, how the effectiveness varied in terms of the instruction length and teaching methods. Stata 14.0 was utilized to calculate the collected data. The results revealed that: (1) extensive reading has a significant effect on English vocabulary learning; (2) one semester (less than three months) is the most appropriate length of extensive reading instruction for vocabulary learning; (3) Graded Readers, comprehension questions and vocabulary exercise play significant roles as reading materials and education methods in promoting the vocabulary learning of EFL learners.

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