An Application of a Questionnaire of Social and Cultural Capital to English Language Learning

  •  Reza Pishghadam    
  •  Mohsen Noghani    
  •  Reza Zabihi    


The aim of this study was to find out the relationship between EFL students’ social as well as cultural capital and their foreign language achievement, using Bourdieu’s theories in the sociology of education as frames of reference. To this end, the Social and Cultural Capital Questionnaire (SCCQ) was administered to 128 EFL learners majoring in English language. The Multiple Linear Regression Analysis was performed to analyze the data. Social and cultural capital data were matched with university students’ academic records in language proficiency courses. Results indicated that cultural competence was the best predictor of the listening skill, whereas speaking, reading, writing, grammar, and the total GPA were mostly predicted by students’ diploma GPA and literacy, the two factors which are related to cultural capital. Finally, statistical results were discussed, and implications were provided in the context of English language teaching.

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