Family Structural Norms Leading to Gender Disparity in Pakistan

  •  Safdar Rehman Ghazi    
  •  Saqib Shahzad    
  •  Gulap Shahzada    
  •  Uzma Syeda Gillani    
  •  Muhammad Rashid Khan    


The major purpose of this study was to explore the, “Family Structural Norms Leading to Gender Disparity in Pakistan”. It was concluded that Females are not consulted regarding their higher education, proper transport facilities are not managed by universities for female students, females have less access to higher education, There are inadequate and a very small number of women’s universities, family structural norms found not supportive for female education, females located in either urban or rural areas are facing the same problem of gender disparity regarding their education, and they have the same views that family structural norms are not supporting for their education. On the basis of these conclusions it is recommended that females should have the freedom to make their own decisions, especially regarding their education, proper transportation facilities should be arranged or managed them, it is necessary to enhance females’ enrolment in each and every tier and streamline of education to bring equity in gender, more women s’ universities should be established, Legislation should be done at central level as well as at provincial level to enhance the females’ enrolment in all tiers of education and all streamlines, and 50% seats should be reserved for female students in every discipline in the universities.

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