Types of Organizations and Their Scope of Cooperation in Textile Research Awarded by the National Science and Technology Awards in the Past 40 Years

  •  Ninghui Zhang    
  •  Xiaoming Yang    


The National Science and Technology Award is the highest award in the field of science and technology in the People's Republic of China, which was formally established in 1978 after China's reform and opening up, and it has been forty years since then. The textile award-winning research in the National Science and Technology Award is one of the important characterizations of the progress of textile science and technology and the development of the textile industry. Through the statistical analysis of the research organizations of the textile award-winning research of the National Science and Technology Award from 1979 to 2020, it is found that enterprises have been the most dominant type in the past forty years; research institutes were the important force of textile science and technology research before 2000, but their influence gradually declined after 2000; the scientific research strength of the universities has risen and the scientific research resources are concentrated in the main universities with textile specialties; different types of research organizations have their cooperation methods, and the forty years have experienced the transformation from the intra-city to the intra-country cooperation, among which, the enterprises have the highest degree of freedom on the space of cooperation.

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