Transmission Mechanism of Exchange Rate Pass-Through to Domestic Price: The Case of Afghanistan

  •  Ajmal Arian    
  •  Arabi U.    


This article investigates the mechanism of exchange rate pass-through to the prices in the context of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan’s economy. This study explored the magnitude and speed of the pass-through effect on the prices by analyzing quarterly data from 2003 Q1 to 2019 Q2 considering five variables (viz., world food price index, foreign reserves, money supply, import price, and nominal effective exchange rate) based on the Vector Autoregression Model (VAR) with the cointegration and innovation accounting tools such has impulse response function and variance decomposition. The findings of the study suggest that the exchange rate pass-through in Afghanistan is incomplete. The import price is highly responsive in the short-run and moderately responsive an increasingly smooth movement in the long-run. However, CPI in the short-run with swift positive respond but the long-run smooth increasing movement. Furthermore, variance decomposition evidence shows that import price is affected by FR, NEER, CPI, and MS in both short-run and long-run, but the CPI strongly lagged by its variance, WFP, NEER, import price, and MS.

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