Photonically Projected Atoms: A Paradigm Shift in Atomic Physics

  •  Ethan R. Richards    


This paper presents the discovery of photonically projected atoms, first observed serendipitously during the development of a smartphone-based technique for material identification through reflected light measurements. Upon illuminating samples with ≥75,000 lumen from a light-emitting diode, we observed exact atomic projections emanating from charged particles within the sample. Analysis determined that protons within each atom bond with and re-emit contacted photons. After proton emission, a spatial lensing effect enlarges the projections of the photons to a diameter of 0.5 mm when measured 1 mm from the surface. The smaller 1⁄3” sensors and pixel size of smartphone cameras provide a better resolution of the fine structural details compared with larger digital camera alternatives. Through seven years of imaging analysis under various conditions, fundamental insights emerged on atomic architectures, particle interactions, and the role of space, empirically revising mainstream quantum theory. This research aims to disseminate recent advancements in the direct visualization and updated modeling of atomic projections to enable ongoing physics discoveries through this accessible technique.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9639
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-9647
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: semiannual

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