Late Miocene to Pliocene Tsunami Deposits in Tegal Buleud, South Sukabumi, West Java, Indonesia

  •  Yan Rizal    
  •  Aswan Aswan    
  •  Jahdi Zaim    
  •  Mika R. Puspaningrum    
  •  Wahyu D. Santoso    
  •  Nur Rochim    


Java is a volcanic island arc formed by the northwards subduction of the Eurasian and Australian Plates. Due to this active subduction, Java has been frequently shocked by earthquakes, which might induce tsunami events. However, there are hardly any ancient geological records of tsunami events in the area. This study aims to determine the presence and to identify sedimentary characters of tsunami deposit in Tegal Buleud, South Sukabumi, West Java. In the study area, there were 4 tsunami layers which were found as thin intercalation within the claystone layer of the Bentang Formation. Those paleotsunami deposits characterized by the occurrence of irregular/disturbed structure such as siltstone rip up, clay clasts, and flame structure occur in normal graded bedding sandstone layer. The grain-size distributions show bimodal and multimodal patterns, with mixing of marine microfossils from inner and middle neritic. The planktonic foraminiferal assemblage indicates that the age of the sediment comparable to N19 (equivalent to Late Miocene - Early Pliocene, at about 5.33 – 3.6 Ma), suggested that these paleotsunami layers were deposited due to the Mio-Pliocene tectonic activity. All the paleotsunami deposits found in Study area are the first and oldest tsunami deposit recorded in Java even in Indonesia. With the discovery of the previously unexplored Late Miocene to Pliocene tsunami deposits found in the study area, the result of this study can be used as a reference for the identification of the Tertiary tsunami deposits present in other parts of Indonesia.

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