A Review of the Effectiveness of Crime Prevention by Design Approaches towards Sustainable Development

  •  Massoomeh Hedayati Marzbali    
  •  Aldrin Abdullah    
  •  Nordin Razak    
  •  Mohammad Javad Maghsoodi Tilaki    


Worldwide concern about the population growth and rapid urbanization will continue to drive a focus on crime as social problems. The design of buildings and the arrangement of streets and other outdoor spaces can affect crime opportunities and level of fear of crime. Several studies related to sustainable development define it as reflecting a tension between economic activities and the environment. There has been little empirical evidence in the examination of crime and fear of crime as prerequisites for sustainability. In recent years, studies have concentrated on the consideration of crime as a sustainability indicator. Evidence suggests that reducing crime and fear of crime can improve the quality of life that is an essential factor in producing developments that are more sustainable. In recent years, research has focused on some measures that are believed to produce more immediate results in reducing crime rates. Crime prevention, in truth, is preventing crime before it happens. So, this method is one of the most appropriate to save environment, fund and time which in turn, will improve the quality of human life. This article seeks to evaluate the objectives and effectiveness of crime prevention by designing strategies addressing sustainable development namely socio-economic and environmental sustainability. The study makes use of available sources and data from previous studies and research. It argues that a secure and sustainable community must be defined by its image of a healthy community. 

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