Sufism and Behavior of Maritime Economic Community (Case Study on Pakkaja Community in South Sulawesi)

  •  Eymal B. Demmallino    
  •  M. Saleh S. Ali    
  •  Abd. Qadir Gassing    
  •  Munsi Lampe    
  •  La Nalefo    
  •  Nurbaya Busthanul    
  •  Tamzil Ibrahim    


This research is motivated by a concern to the maritime community in Indonesia and South Sulawesi in particular, which is up to now still very behind compared with other communities on the mainland or degenerate far backward compared with the maritime community in the past royal era (eighth century ~ XVII century: Sriwidjaya, Majapahit, and Gowa~Makassar). This study aims to reveal the negative effect on classical Sufism of maritime community economic behavior, by taking the case to the Pakkaja Community. This study uses Verstehen method is done by "reversed burden of proof". The results showed that the backwardness of maritime community, in particular the Pakkaja Community is rooted in the mentality of weak intention characterized by low productivity, dependence excessively and consumptive lifestyles in their lives, is a negative deflection of classical Sufism, which stuck very strong since early Islamization of the archipelago and Bugis ~ Makassar in particular.

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