Migration Policy: Characteristics of the Regional Dimension of Migration in Modern Russia (Volga Federal District)

  •  Albina R. Fayzullina    


The relevance of the research topic is determined by the importance of the problem and the need to study migration issues in the public administration practice. The article aims to study migration processes and state migration policies in the Russian Federation during the period from the end of the 20th to the beginning of the 21st centuries. The institutional approach is used as the main approach in this research. The study identifies socio-political, socio-economic, and legal factors which influence the effectiveness of migration policies: administrative, legislative, executive, target-oriented, regional, and consumer. The article presents qualitative changes in the internal and external migration flows in modern Russia, the Volga region, and shows the need to create a new migration policy: migration flows go from the north and the east to the central and south-western parts of the country, forced migration has been replaced by labor migration of the indigenous population from the countries of the near and far abroad. The article also examines the trends in the development of migration legislation, shows the influence of the political situation in the country on the changes in legislation regulating migration processes, and elaborates proposals and recommendations for their optimization. It defines the stages and the main directions of the new migration policy in modern Russia, describes the effect that reforming of the bodies of state power has on the effectiveness of migration policy at the federal and regional levels, and suggests measures for improving migration policies. The materials of the article may be useful in making management decisions and taking specific organizational measures in order to improve the management of migration processes, as well as in the development of training courses in political science studies: "Political Regionalism", "Political Control", "Migration Policy”, etc.

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