General Issues of Homonymy in the Persian Language

  •  Mastura N. Akhmedova    
  •  Almira K. Garayeva    


The importance of the problem under investigation is the following: it indicates important sub-levels and lexical-semantic features of homonyms in the modern Persian language; it observes the material basis of linguistic nature of these phenomena (homonyms), elevating the issue to the level of the fundamental current problems, which are under multidimensional analysis, synthesis, generalization on a scientific level nowadays. Theoretical foundations of the common problems of homonymy in modern Persian as the main aspect of a global lexical study are represented in this paper. It was revealed that the traditional principles of general differentiation of homonyms into three common classes (lexical, morphological and lexical - grammatical) in modern Persian due to its linguistic features is not sufficient. In addition, groups of situational and mixed homonyms were detected. The investigation highlights the examples of homonymy formed by grammatical means (prefixes, suffixes); homonymy of compound words, the cases which have not been traditionally is not represented in the previous lexicological works, as well as their lexical-semantic differentiation and their interaction at the level of literary and dialectal vocabulary. The article proceedings can be are useful for the linguists, the experts of lexicology and language teachers. Also it can be recommended for undergraduates, post graduate students and students of high school with in-depth research training in the field of linguistics.

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