Smart and Sustainable Port Performance in Thailand: A Conceptual Model

  •  Weeraphong Sankla    
  •  Thanyaphat Muangpan    


Global seaports are interested in the concept of smart and sustainable ports that many have an impact on global trade and economics. This research aims to find the main factors and indicators of smart and sustainable port management, and confirm the factors of smart and sustainable port management using a case study of the Eastern Economic Corridor (EEC) in Thailand. Mix method approach, qualitative research is used in the data collection with a total of three databases in 2015-2021. Content analysis with triangulation data is utilized to analyze these data finding the factors and indicators of smart and sustainable port management. Quantitative research is used confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) for confirming the factors and indicators and developing a conceptual model of smart and sustainable port performance. As the result, a conceptual model with three main factors is shown including the smart port environment, the smart port society, and the smart port economy. These main factors and indicators are represented as three factors and seventeen indicators of confirming explanation. This conceptual model for the introduction of port development explains smart and sustainable port performance and the key indicators to achieve port practice for improving international standards of smart and sustainable ports.

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