Analysis of Factors Influencing Domestic Water Consumption in Karoi Town, Zimbabwe

  •  Gondo Reniko    
  •  Nametso D. Phonchi-Tshekiso    
  •  Patricia K. Mogomotsi    
  •  Goemeone E. J. Mogomotsi    
  •  Harison Chirefu    


The current trends in water resources management underscore management of the resource as an economic good. Consequently, management strategies overlook demographic and social factors that influence domestic water consumption. Adopting water as an economic good conceptual framework, in a case study approach, a total of 120 household heads and two officials from Zimbabwe National Water Supply Authority (ZINWA) were selected in Karoi. While quantitative data were analysed using descriptive (frequency, percentages, etc.) and inferential statistics (t-test, ANOVA etc.), content analysis was used to analyse qualitative data. Findings revealed that while economic factors play a role in influencing domestic water consumption, demographic and social factors play equally the same in determining water consumption at the household level. The study recommends a further study to understand the role of demographic and socio-economic factors which affect water consumption.

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