Comparing the Effect of Rotor Tilt Angle on Performance of Floating Offshore and Fixed Tower Wind Turbines

  •  Wongsakorn Wisatesajja    
  •  Wirachai Roynarin    
  •  Decha Intholo    


The development of Floating Offshore Wind Turbines (FOWTs) aims to improve the potential performance of the wind turbine. However, a problem arises due to the angle of tilt from the wind flow and the floating platform, which leads to a vertical misalignment of the turbine axis, thereby reducing the available blade area and lowering the capacity to capture energy. To address this problem, this paper seeks to compare the influence of the rotor tilt angle on wind turbine performance between fixed tower wind turbines and FOWTs. The models used in the experiments have R1235 airfoil blades of diameter 84 cm. The experiment was analyzed using a wind tunnel and mathematical modelling techniques. Measurements were obtained using an angle meter, anemometer and tachometer. Testing involved wind speeds ranging from 2 m/s to 5.5 m/s, and the rotational speeds of the two turbine designs were compared. The study found that the rotational speeds of the FOWTs were lower than those of the fixed tower turbines. Moreover, at tilt angles from 3.5° – 6.1° there was a loss in performance which varied between 22% and 32% at different wind speeds. The tilt angle had a significant effect upon FOWTs due to the angle of attack was continuously changing, thus altering the optimal position of the turbine blades. This changing angle of attack caused the effective area of the rotor blade to change, leading to a reduction in power output at suboptimal angles. The study finally makes recommendations for future studies.

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