Carbon Footprint Based on Household Consumption: Case Study on Cocoa Farmer’s Household in Polewali Mandar

  •  Muhamad Amin Rifai    
  •  Nunung Nuryartono    
  •  Mohammad Iqbal Irfany    


Sustainable development has become an interesting issue in the 21st century. The main pillar of sustainable development is the economic sustainability, social, and environmental. Since the industrial revolution, there is a trade-off between economic growth and environment. The main environmental problem nowadays is a huge amount of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere. This study aims to analyze the determinant of carbon footprint formation through household consumption approach, with the case of cacao farmers in Polewali Mandar. This study employed OLS and quantile regression as the method. A combined GTAP-E data, I-O, and the calculation of carbon footprint survey used in this study. The result shows that fuel light consumption and transportation are the most carbon footprint formers. Furthermore, household income determines the most carbon footprint. The higher household income, the higher carbon footprint produced. The control variables that influence the carbon footprint are marriage status, poverty level and household size.

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