Influence of Cumulative Rainfall on the Occurrence of Landslides in Korea

  •  Ma Hoseop    
  •  Kang Wonseok    
  •  Ettagbor Enukwa    


This study presents the impact of cumulative rainfall on landslides, following the analysis of cumulative rainfall for 20 days before the landslide. For the 1520 landslides analyzed, the highest amount of average daily rainfall of 52.9mm occurred the day before the landslide, and the least amount of 6.1mm was experienced 20 days before the landslide. The least number of landslides (263 landslides) occurred when the cumulative rainfall is less than 20mm, and increased to 316 landslides in less than 30mm rainfall, 514 landslides in less than 80mm, 842 landslides in less than 150mm, and 678 landslides in 150mm and above. Considering the landslide occurrence in relation to the cumulative rainfall and the cumulative number of days, 986 landslides (64.9%) of the 1520 landslides were triggered by the 3 days cumulative rainfall for the 100mm rainfall and below, and 60% of landslides at the 5 days cumulative rainfall, indicating that the impact of cumulative rainfall on landslides was high in the 3 days and 5 days cumulative rainfall. More landslides occurred for the 101mm-200mm rainfall at the 10 days cumulative rainfall, more landslides for the 201mm-300mm rainfall at the 14 days cumulative rainfall, and more landslides for the 301mm-400mm rainfall at the 18 days cumulative rainfall. Three typologies of cumulative rainfall triggers are evident in Korea which includes: the early stacked rainfall accumulation type; the long-term intensive rainfall accumulation type; the continuous daily rainfall accumulation type. Cumulative rainfall is thus a major factor causing landslides. It is therefore imperative to take into consideration cumulative rainfall and the cumulative number of days as important triggers of landslides, as this could help contribute in landslide forecasting, thus putting in place measures to minimize the damage caused to life and property by landslides.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9779
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-9787
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: semiannual

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