Wrench Tectonism and Intracontinental Basin Sedimentation: A Case Study of the Moku Sub-Basin, Upper Benue Trough, Nigeria

  •  Ifeanyi A. Oha    
  •  Ikenna A. Okonkwo    
  •  Silas S. Dada    


The Upper Benue trough of Nigeria consists of basins and horsts characterized by numerous structural features. Detailed study of one of the basins revealed sets of “centimetric”, riedel type “en-echelon” NE-SW trending strike slip faults contained in a number of brittle and ductile shear zones characterizing the basement/sediment boundary. Structural analysis suggests that the Moku sub-basin has been pulled apart along a releasing bend in between NE – SW strike slip faults and that three principal axes of stress were acting on the sub-basin during its formation. The maximum stress (1) with orientation 34/304 was responsible for the fault overlap (basin length), whereas the minimum stress (σ_3) with orientation 18/201 controlled the fault separation (basin width). These suggest a qualitative model showing the Moku sub-basin as a separate basin, which must have coalesced with adjacent sub-basins. Deposition of Bima sediments in the basin was closely controlled by tectonism. The immature B1 sediments are restricted mostly to the faulted margin of the basin. The more matured B2 and B3 sediments are distributed around the less disturbed areas.

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  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9779
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-9787
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: semiannual

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