Herbicide Selectivity in Peanut Cultivars

  •  Henrique Gonzalez Zanardo    
  •  Willians Carrega    
  •  Neriane Hijano    
  •  Anne Elise Cesarin    
  •  Pedro de F. R. Barbosa Martins    
  •  Ignácio José de Godoy    
  •  Pedro Luis da C. A. Alves    


Weed interference is one of the main factors responsible for reducing the productivity of the peanut crop. Among weed control methods, the chemical is considered one of the main tools, however, the herbicides registered for this crop are scarce. The objective of this study was to evaluate the selectivity of herbicides applied in post-emergence in Runner peanut cultivars. For this, an experiment was performed in an 11x5 factorial scheme, meaning 10 herbicides plus one control (without herbicide) and five peanut cultivars, with four replicates. Visual evaluations of phytointoxication were carried out at 7, 14 and 21 days after application of the herbicides. At the end of the experiment, was determined the dry mass of aboveground and root parts. Based on the results obtained, it is concluded that the herbicides 2,4-D (1.50 L ha-1), mesotrione (0.3 L ha-1), saflufenacil (0.75 L ha-1), imazapic (175 g ha-1) and S-metolachlor (1.75 L ha-1) have potential to be used for all the peanut cultivars studied. Herbicides hexazinone (2.50 kg ha-1), amicarbazone (2.00 kg ha-1), tebuthiuron (2.00 L ha-1), clomazone (2.00 L ha-1) and sulfentrazone (1.20 L ha-1) must not be indicated, at these doses, for post-emergence spraying in the evaluated cultivars. The genotypes do not react equally to certain products, therefore, there is a need for further studies the at field conditions to attest the responses obtained in the present study and verify that the yield potential is not affected.

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