Organic Carbon Decomposition in Soil Amended With Organic Compost From Slaughterhouse Residues

  •  Magnum de Sousa Pereira    
  •  Julius Blum    
  •  Henrique Antunes de Souza    
  •  Carlos Kenji Taniguchi    


Decomposition kinetic of applied compost in soil depends on the decomposition rate coefficient (k), environmental conditions and the interactions with soil. However, studies with the aim of determining k values for different materials rarely consider interactions with soil. The objective of the current study was to estimate k value of an organic compost, considering the interactions with the soil. Samples of soil mixed with compost were incubated in hermetic recipients for 126 days and evolved C-CO2 was quantified. Nonlinear models proposed in the present study were fitted to evolved C-CO2 data. Better fitting was found in a model that divided the soil organic matter in four pools (labile and recalcitrant native soil organic matter; protected and unprotected added organic matter), values of k on both native organic matter pools were multiplied by a constant denominated priming (pr) only in the cases where the compost was added to the soil and the amount of C in the protected pool is limited to the soil protection capacity. Organic compost produced using carcasses, sheepfold residues and slaughterhouse residues presented k value equal to 0.01179 day-1 at 31 oC without water stress. Compost application increased in 9.8% the decomposition of the native soil organic matter.

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