Quantification of the Carbon Content of the Fractions of Humic Substances and Total Organic Carbon in Different Production Systems

  •  Carlos Rocha de Moraes Rego    
  •  Jonas Egewarth    
  •  Marcio Francziskowski    
  •  Felipe Cremonez    
  •  Paulo Rabello de Oliveira    
  •  Maria do Carmo Lana    
  •  Bruna Costa    
  •  Eloisa Mattei    
  •  Marinês Sampaio    
  •  Vanessa Egewarth    
  •  Juan de Herrera    


Soil organic matter is degraded and easily altered by the type of management. The objective of this work is to determine the total organic carbon and humic substance fractions in the organic matter of the soil with different management types and depths in the western region of Paraná, Brazil. The work was carried out in the Experimental Farm “Professor Antônio Carlos dos Santos Pessoa”, belonging to the State University of the West of Paraná. Five soil management systems were evaluated: one area with corn cultivation for silage (CS); other area with succession of crops, with soybean in summer and corn in winter (SC); the next area also with succession of crops, with soy in the summer and oat in the winter (SO); the following area with permanent pasture with Tifton (PP); and the last area with crop-livestock integration (ILC). For each management system, four plots were randomly selected, in each plot three simple samples were collected in a diagonal direction to form a composite sample for the depth of 0.00-0.05 m, 0.05-0.10 m and 0.10-0.15 m. Total organic carbon, fractionation of the humic substances and the AH/AF and EA/HUM ratios were calculated. For most of the analyzed variables, it was verified that there were significant differences (P < 0.05) between the systems evaluated in the studied depths. In the evaluated areas, the PP, SO and ILC systems presented the highest carbon content for all attributes analyzed.

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