Non-Structural Carbohydrates Accumulation in Contrasting Rice Genotypes Subjected to High Night Temperatures

  •  Diogo Moura    
  •  Giovani Brito    
  •  Ângela Campos    
  •  Ítalo Moraes    
  •  Fabiane Porto    
  •  Sheila Teixeira    
  •  Paulo Fagundes    
  •  André Andres    
  •  Fábio Schreiber    
  •  Sidnei Deuner    


Non-structural carbohydrates (NSC) accumulation and photosynthesis traits were studied in two rice (Oryza sativa L.) genotypes maintained under control (22/30 °C - night/day) and at high night temperatures (HNT) (28/30 °C) conditions from heading to milk stage. Rice cultivars were Nagina22 - N22 and BRS Querência - Quer, which are tolerant and sensitive to high temperatures, respectively. The source-sink flow related attributes were tested to understand the nature of NSC accumulation and translocation. Compared to N22, Quer maintained higher stem starch in glucose on seventh day after heading and at milk stage independently of imposed temperatures. However, the levels of starch in glucose were lower for N22 meanwhile their total sugar concentration (TSC) were higher at control and at HNT at milk stage as compared to Quer. N22 maintained unaltered the spikelet sterility and 1000-grain weight across environments showing a consistent trend with its stem NSC translocation. Both genotypes showed similarity in some gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence performance suggesting unaffected photosystem II photochemistry, linear electron flux, and CO2 assimilation. Beyond indicating that source functioning was not the limiting factor for low TSC and starch in glucose levels found in N22 on seventh day after heading stage. Moreover, our data suggest that the higher translocation capacity shown by N22 can be involved in their lower spikelet sterility and 1000-grain weight stability across the environments. These results indicate that selecting genotypes with higher capacity to stem NSC translocation at HNT could lead to more grain yield stability in future climate scenarios.

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