Genetic and Molecular Analysis of Transgenic Rice cv. Rojolele Expressing Lactoferrin

  •  Diah Rachmawati    
  •  Budi Daryono    
  •  Tri Nuringtyas    
  •  Hiroyuki Anzai    


In a previous study, human lactoferrin gene have introduced into Javanica rice cv. Rojolele by Agrobacterium-mediated transformation. Lactoferrin (LF) is an 80 kDa iron-binding glycoprotein that has been proposed to have many biological roles such as protection against microbial and virus infection. This study aims to analyze the integration and level of lactoferrin gene expression of transgenic rice cv. Rojolele. The study also aims to examine the genetic character of transgenic rice expressing recombinant lactoferrin. Stability expression of recombinant lactoferrin transgenic rice seeds over generations were analyzed by ELISA, while the integration stability of recombinant hLF gene in transgenic plants performed by PCR. The mitotic time, cell cycle and chromosome characterization of transgenic and non-transgenic rice cv. Rojolele were determined. Chromosome characterization of the trangenic and non transgenic rice cv. Rojolele was investigated to determine the genetic variation. All of the above efforts were aimed to evaluate the genetically engineered rice containing recombinant lactoferrin as a nutraceutical food. The results showed that the expression was stable through three consecutive generations. The expression of the hLF gene increased during grain-filling period. The active time of mitotic cells of transgenic rice rojolele was longer than the cells of non-transgenic rice. In addition, the cycle cell of transgenic and non-transgenic rojolele contained prophase, prometaphase, metaphase, anaphase, telophase and interphase. The result showed that all of the transgenic lines had diploid (2n) chromosome number = 24.

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