Nitrogen Release Pattern From Organic Manures Applied to an Acid Soil

  •  A. Murugan    
  •  T. Swarnam    


Study of nitrogen release pattern from organic manures is very essential to ensure nitrogen supply in adequate quantity and at proper time to crop plants in an acid soil. A laboratory incubation experiment was conducted to determine the nitrogen release pattern from vermicompost (V.C), poultry manure (P.M), neem, inorganic fertilizer (I.O) and its combinations applied to an acid soil at two different rates. Cumulative nitrogen mineralization was significantly higher throughout the incubation period for I.O, V.C+P.M and I.O+V.C while it was two weeks after incubation for V.C and V.C+Neem due to the inhibitory effect of neem on nitrification. The results indicated a significant increase in the rate of N mineralization in the first one week in which the highest rate of 3.36 mg N day-1 was observed for inorganic fertilizer and thereafter it slowed down. V.C followed by V.C+Neem recorded higher rate of N mineralization of 0.24 and 0.23 mg day-1 respectively, from 48th days after incubation. V.C+Neem at 120 kg N equivalent ha-1 recorded the highest ammonia content of 42.1% to total available N while V.C+P.M recorded higher nitrate content of 82.3% at the end of the incubation period. Positive correlation between initial nitrogen and total mineralized N from the manures and fertilizers (R2 = 0.563) was observed. Furthermore, addition of organic manures resulted in increase in soil pH where as inorganic fertilizer showed a slight decrease (5.73) than control (5.78).

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