Characters of Rachis and Grain within Different Spike Parts in Spike Hetero Branching Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

  •  Lanfei Zhao    
  •  Weidong Zhang    
  •  Qingrong Gao    
  •  Anfei Li    
  •  Jichun Tian    


Spike hetero branching wheat (Triticum aestivum) (SHBW) has one main rachis, but has branched rachises at lower parts of main rachis. This type of spike could increase greatly grain number by bearing grain in branching rachis. In this study, field experiments were conducted at three locations in Huanghuai wheat zone during two growing seasons (2008-2010). The rachises length, node number, grain number, and grain weight were investigated within five different spikes parts. The results showed that the proportion of the length of upper no-branching part to that of lower branching part within the main rachis varied from 0.49-0.99; The coefficient of variations (CVs) of main rachis length, node number within main rachis and grain number and thousand grain weight within the upper part of main rachis were 9.78%, 8.49%, 21.73% and 17.32%, respectively, but CVs of these traits within the branched rachises were 54.45%, 37.21%, 36.80%, and 19.45%, respectively. This indicated that the morphological characters within branched rachises were more easily influenced by external environments. Grain number in the whole spike and average branched rachises length were unstable under various environments and the two traits should be regarded as the main choice factors in future breeding selection in SHBW.

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