Mean Dosage Stimulation Range of Allelochemicals from Crude Extracts of Cucumis africanus Fruit for Improving Growth of Tomato Plant and Suppressing Meloidogyne incognita Numbers

  •  Osvaldo Pelinganga    
  •  Phatu Mashela    


Successful utilisation of allelochemicals in management of plant-parasitic nematodes depends on their degree of phytotoxicity. Conventional methods of determining phytotoxicity are tedious, with inconsistent results. Plants respond to increased dosages of allelochemicals in a density-dependent growth pattern, which allows the use of the Curve-fitting Allelochemical Response Data computer-based model to determine the mean dosage stimulation range of used allelochemicals. The CARD modelling was used to determine the stimulation range of fermented dried crude extracts of wild cucumber (Cucumis africanus) fruit for improving growth of tomato (Solanum lycopersicon) plants, each infested with 1500 eggs and juveniles of the southern root-knot (Meloidogyne incognita) nematode. Dilutions at 0, 2, 4, 8, 16, 32 and 64% were applied weekly through irrigation system. At 56 days after treatment, CARD demonstrated density-dependent growth patterns as dosages increased. The mean dosage stimulation range of diluted fermented crude extracts, computed from CARD biological indices, was 2.64% dilution for tomato plant. Since at 2% dilution, the material reduced final nematode population density of M. incognita by 90%. The 2.64% was suitable for stimulation of tomato plant and suppression of nematode numbers.

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