Heterosis and Combining Ability in CMS Based Hybrid Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.)

  •  B. Tembhurne    
  •  S. K. Rao    


Field experiments were conducted during kharif 2009-2010 to identify the most heterotic CMS based hybrids in chilli. The heterosis for dry fruit yield and yield components of 51 F1 hybrids were derived from crosses between three females (line) and seventeen males (tester) crossed in line x tester fashion. The cross ACA1/LCA334 exhibited significant heterosis over mid parent 493.44% as well as better parent 402.78%. The F1 hybrid JNA1/BVC-37 registered significant standard heterosis (48.47%) for dry fruit weight plant-1. The highly significant gca effect revealed that LCA960, BVC37, LCA334, PantC1 and JNA1 were good general combiner among the male and female, respectively. The hybrid JNA1/BVC37 gave the highest yield for dry as well as green fruits along with highly significant sca effects.

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