Operators’ Capability and Facilities Availability for Repair and Maintenance of Small Tractors in Riau Province, Indonesia: A Case Study

  •  Ujang Paman    
  •  Susumu Uchida    
  •  Shigeki Inaba    


This paper presents the capability of tractor operators in performing repair and maintenance of small tractors, the availability of service and repair facilities at the farm level, and the manner of the operators in maintaining their tractors. Data are based on field visits and interviews with 65 tractor operators from 6 villages collected in three regencies of Riau Province. The results show that most operators lack the technical skill to service and repair tractors due to insufficient training, specific education, and work experience. Inadequate repair and maintenance facilities, such as workshops, mechanics, and spare part depots cause delays in repair work and raise the price of spare parts in the survey areas. Farmers do not keep accurate service records and most of them disregard proper maintenance and service of their tractors, such as changing engine oil without following the manufacturer’s recommendations. Provincial governments should provide training facilities and a program to improve the technical knowledge and skills of the operators and local mechanics. Repair and maintenance facilities should be established in village areas to guarantee timely repair in case of breakdowns and to make spare parts available at low price. The operators should keep service records accurately and adhere to maintenance and service schedules according to the manufacturer’s instructions. They should also be encouraged to properly service and maintain their tractors.

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