Diversity and Genetic Structure of a Natural Population of Mauritia flexuosa L. f. in APA-Pandeiros, Using Microsatellite Markers

  •  Bárbara Rayane Ramos Muniz Nassau    
  •  Márcia Regina da Costa    
  •  Elytânia Veiga Menezes    
  •  Demerson Arruda Sanglard    
  •  Tiago Vieira Sousa    
  •  Marcio Antonio Silva Pimenta    


Genetic diversity is essential to ensure that species maintain high adaptive evolutionary potential to resist environmental stochasticity. Thus, this research aimed to estimate the genetic diversity and structure of a natural population of Mauritia flexuosa and its stages, using five microsatellite primers. DNA was extracted from leaves collected from individuals of the three classes (G1-adult, G2-juvenile and G3-regenerant). Genetic diversity estimates indicated an average of 7.8 alleles/locus and lower observed heterozygosity (Ho) than expected heterozygosity (He) in the population (0.272-0.395 and 0.275-0.401, respectively). The Shannon Index (I) indicated moderate genotypic diversity and richness in the analyzed population, and exclusive alleles were found at the different stages. Also found were a lower population index (FST = 0.019) and a higher individual fixation index (FIS = 0.169). Classes G1 and G2 exhibited greater genetic similarity to each other than to G3, which had more distant genetic characteristics. These results revealed lower genetic diversity among regenerating (G3) individuals and greater genetic diversity among adults (G1). Immediate strategies for in situ and ex situ genetic conservation of M. flexuosa are essential to preserve its genetic variability and assist future programs for the improvement.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.