Reaction of Selected Citrus Cultivars to Pseudocercospora Leaf and Fruit Spot Disease Under Natural Infection in Northern Uganda

  •  Alfred Kumakech    
  •  Allan Tekkara Obonyom    
  •  Alexandrina Acipa    
  •  Laban Frank Turyagyenda    


Citrus is an important crop among many resource constrained subsistence farmers living in rural areas of Uganda. Citrus production is affected mainly by drought, declining soil fertility, pests and diseases. Among diseases, citrus leaf and fruit spot disease caused by fungus Pseudocercospora angolensis is currently one of the major constraints to the production of citrus in Uganda where millions of people rely on the crop for nutritional security and household income. The disease can lead to 50-100% fruit yield loss depending on environmental conditions, disease management and weather conditions. In order to identify resistance to P. angolensis, a study was conducted to identify variability for citrus leaf and fruit spot resistance from adapted commercial cultivars as an initial step in developing integrated disease management strategy. Six cultivars were assessed. The screening was under natural infection conditions in disease hot spots in northern Uganda in 2014a and 2014b seasons. The results showed significance difference (p < 0.01) for Area Under Disease Progressive Curve (AUDPC) for number of leaves with P. angolesnis symptoms and number of lesions. Subsequently, the study identified Kuno as resistant and Tangelo as less susceptible to Pseudocercospora leaf and fruit spot infection, and they could be recommended for citrus leaf and fruit spot disease control.

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