Damage Assessment of Melanagromyza sojae (Diptera: Agromyzidae) on Soybean in Brazil

  •  Rafael Paz Marques    
  •  Henrique Pozebon    
  •  Júlia Guimarães Bevilaqua    
  •  Guilherme Padilha    
  •  Paulo César Ramon    
  •  Léo Augusto de Cezaro    
  •  Alberto Rohrig    
  •  Ivair Valmorbida    
  •  Rubens Fiorin    
  •  Alberto Cargnelutti Filho    
  •  Janine Palma    
  •  José Domingos Jacques Leão    
  •  Pedro Parisi    
  •  Bruna Wojahn    
  •  Giulian Rafael da Luz    
  •  Jonas André Arnemann    


Soybean stem fly, Melanagromyza sojae Zehntner (Diptera: Agromyzidae), is an important soybean (Glycine max) pest in Eastern Asia that has recently colonized South America. The region colonized by M. sojae includes Brazil and several other major soybean growing countries. Management strategies for this pest remain largely undeveloped due to lack of information regarding its potential to injury soybeans. The objective of this study was to quantify soybean yield reduction caused by M. sojae injury. One experiment was carried out during two summer crop seasons (2020 and 2021) at Santa Maria, RS state, Brazil. Soybean was planted during late-season to ensure that high pressure of M. sojae adults were present in the fields. The number of seeds, 1,000-seed weight, seed yield and number of pods were quantified for the lower, middle and upper canopy, and plant height was compared to the amount of stem injured to determine percentage of injured stem. Each 1% of injured stem in the lower, middle and upper canopy segments significantly reduced the number of seeds per plant, 1,000-seed weight, and yield. Across all canopy segments, yield reduction reached 0.9 g per plant for every 1% of injured stem. Treatments where insecticide applications started during the vegetative phase presented the lowest damage by M. sojae. These data suggest that M. sojae is an economically important herbivore of soybeans under Brazilian growing conditions and highlight the need to develop efficient and sustainable management strategies for this pest.

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