Effect of Insect Growth Regulator Insecticides Novaluron, Teflubenzuron and Lufenuron on the Morphology and Physiology of Euschistus heros

  •  Paula G. Silva    
  •  Marizete C. de S. Vieira    
  •  Elizete C. de S. Vieira    
  •  Ivana F. da Silva    
  •  Crébio J. Ávila    


The Neotropical brown stink bug, Euschistus heros (F.) (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae), is an important pest that damages soybean, especially in the central-west region of Brazil. The effect of insect growth regulator insecticides on fourth-instar nymphs and adults of the neotropical brown stink bug was evaluated under laboratory and greenhouse conditions, respectively. In the laboratory, the insecticides (doses in g a.i. ha-1) novaluron (20.0 and 40.0), teflubenzuron (26.2 and 52.5), and lufenuron (20.0 and 40.0), in addition to the control (water), were tested on fourth-instar nymphs of E. heros and their development were followed to adulthood. Mortality, number of adults with and without deformities, and fecundity were determined. In a greenhouse, the effects of the same insecticides on the adult of the stink bug were evaluated by determining the fecundity and viability of the eggs laid. The fourth-instar nymphs of E. heros, when exposed to either dose of the tested insecticides presented mortality and insects with deformations, as well as reduced fecundity of females that reached adulthood. In the trial with adult E. heros, all tested insecticides reduced stink bug fecundity. In the same way, the viability of the produced eggs was reduced in all the chemical treatments, except for novaluron at the lowest dose tested, in which egg viability did not differ from the control treatment. Based on the obtained results, one can infer that the growth-regulator insecticides evaluated, although usually more suitable for the control of caterpillars, can interfere negatively in the development and reproduction of the neotropical brown stink bug, thus constituting a complementary alternative for the management of this pest.

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