Evaluation of Sunflower Promising Varieties and Hybrids Released for Cultivation in Different States of India

  •  Om Singh    
  •  P. C. Gupta    


The Field trials on sunlower crop were conducted in different in states of India during the year from 2005 to2008.The RSFPD ,Government of India, DADF provided all inputs to conduct the tirals in the area under their juridiction to evaluate the suitable varieties vs hybrids of sunlower, their sowing season, irrigations vs rainfed conditions of cultivation including other other agronomic package of practices.Government of India has strong feed and fodder development organization.Their are several centrally sponsered schems like estabishment of fodder banks, development of forage crops through biotechnology research, minikits distribution in the country. Central government distributed latest variety seeds in the country to a tune of cost of Rs 7.00 crores through eight RSFPDs. The sunflower is a multi purose crop and may be good source of animal feeds as a un-conventional feed resource. Sunlower can be grown with forage crops also. RSFPDs organised sunflower trials in different states to evaluate sunflower production in northern and southern parts of India.The varieties and hybrids released by AICRP (Sunflower) for different regions were selected for field trials. India has tropical and subtropical climate from south to north , respectively.Tamilnadu and Maharastra face the tropical while, Haryana, Punjab and Uttar Pradesh experience a sub-tropical type of climate having February and March as spring season in northen India.All India released varieties Morden,GAUSUF-15,TNAUSUF-7, DRSF-108 and DRSF-113 were grown at Pantnagar in Uttranchal. Vaiety performed better with seed yield (1780.5/1860.8 kg/ha). Data shows that oil content (40.6, 40.3%) was higher in the seeds of cultivar TNAUSUF-7. Maximum plant hieght (165.6, 161.9 cm) and head diameter (16.2 cm) was higher in the variety DRSF-108.

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