Addition of Mancozeb to DMI + QoI, and SDHI + QoI Co-formulations Improving Control of Asian Soybean Rust

  •  Erlei Melo Reis    
  •  Mateus Zanatta    
  •  Andrea Camargo Reis    


The reduced sensitivity of Phakopsora pachyrhizi to site-specific fungicides used to control Asian soybean rust by the current co-formulations needs investigation. To improve the rust control the performance of cyproconazole + picoxystrobin, tebuconazole + picoxystrobin, cyproconazole + azoxystrobin, epoxyconazole + pyraclostrobin, fluxapyroxade + pyraclostrobin, benzovindiflupyr + azoxystrobin, prothioconazole + trifloxystrobin and cyproconazole + trifloxystrobin mixtures added by five doses of the multisite mancozeb were evaluated. The fungicides were sprayed at four growth stages the first performed at R1 growth stage and the others with 15-18 days intervals. The rust severity was quantified, the control was calculated, the percentage of chlorophyll and the yield of soybean were determined. The mean of rust control by the mixtures without addition of the multi-site fungicide was 46% (21 to 71%). There was an increase in control efficiency due to addition and mancozeb doses in all treatments. Control over 80% was obtained with tebuconazole + picoxystrobin, fluxapyroxade + pyraclostrobin, benzovindiflupyr + azoxystrobin, and prothioconazole + trifloxystrobin added at least of 2.0 kg/ha mancozeb. In unsprayed plots the maximum 78% severity corresponded to 59% damage. There was an increase in chlorophyll content and soybean yield as a function of the mancozebe increased doses: 2,019 kg/ha in the unsprayed control and in the best treatment 5,132 kg/ha. Actual control reduction due to fungal decrease in sensitivity can be improved by the multi-site fungicide addition.

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