Chemical Extractors to Assess Potassium Availability in Glauconitic Siltstone

  •  Eliana Paula Fernandes Brasil    
  •  Wilson Mozena Leandro    
  •  Welldy Gonçalves Teixeira    
  •  Marcos Antônio Vieira    
  •  José Patrício Nunes de Souza    
  •  Henrique Victor Vieira    


This paper aimed to evaluate the efficiency of chemical extractors to measure the availability of potassium (K) in glauconitic siltstone. An experiment with successive crops of beans and maize was installed under field conditions in Quirinópolis, Goiás State, Brazil, in a typical ortic Neossolo Quartzarênico. For both crops, the experimental design was a randomized block with four replications, resulting in a total of 24 experimental plots. Two sources and four doses of K2O were used, in addition to a control treatment with any K fertilization. The sources used were glauconitic siltstone and potassium chloride (KCl), and the doses applied through glauconitic siltstone corresponded to 1, 2, 4 and 8 times the dose of K2O applied via KCl as a reference. The following extractors were used: neutral ammonium citrate (NAC), citric acid 2% (CA), CA + ammonium fluoride 0.5% (NH4F), tartaric acid 5% (TA) + sodium fluoride 0.5% (NaF) (1:100), TA + NaF 0.5% (1:500), hydrochloric acid (HCl), and the method for extracting potassium from silicatic materials (MAPA- Among the tested extractors, the best one regarding productivity was the MAPA- The NAC and CA extractors showed the lowest correlations and should not be used henceforth to quantify soluble K from glauconitic siltstone.

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