Effect of Different Sources of Fertilization on Chemical Properties of Soil Under Cassava Cultivation in Western Pará, Brazil

  •  Marcelo Laranjeira Pimentel    
  •  Iolanda Maria Soares Reis    
  •  Victor Sousa Portela    
  •  Maria Lita Padinha Correa Romano    
  •  Carlos Ivan Aguilar Vildoso    
  •  Eloi Gasparin    
  •  Eliandra de Freitas Sia    


Nutrient management becomes essential in soils with low natural fertility, so the use of organic fertilizers can improve chemical properties of soil and reduce production costs. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of different fertilization sources on the chemical properties of soil under cassava cultivation. The experiment was conducted between 2017/2018 in the community of Boa Esperança, Santarém-PA using the cultivar Bem-te-vi, in the randomized block design with 4 treatments: T1 (without fertilization), T2 (fertilization NPK), T3 (organic fertilization with poultry manure), T4 (fertilization with cattle manure), with 5 replicates. The soil samples were analyzed for the contents K+, Ca²+, pH in H2O and KCl, Al³+ and soil organic carbon content (TOC). The data were submitted to analysis of variance and the means were compared by the Tukey test at 5% probability, using the software MINITAB© version 18. There were statistical differences between the treatments for all the chemical properties analyzed. The findings of the analysis were that fertilization with catle manure and NPK were the same and differed from the other treatments for the contents of K+, pH in H2O and KCl, for Ca²+ and TOC. The treatment without fertilization obtained the lowest values differing from the others, for Al³+. The source from NPK obtained the lowest content in the soil. The treatments with organic fertilizers had higher levels of the above nutrients in the soil. The chemical properties of the soil were altered from the different management systems for the cultivation of cassava.

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