Physical, Chemical, Morphological and Mineralogical Characterization Surface and Subsurface in Hydromorphic and Non-hydromorphic Soil of the Central Amazon

  •  João Batista Dias Damaceno    
  •  Wellington Gomes da Silva    
  •  Hedinaldo Narciso Lima    
  •  Newton Paulo de Souza Falcão    
  •  Felipe de Jesus Padilha    
  •  Ari Batista da Costa Junior    
  •  Jhonny Kelvin Dias Martins    
  •  Matheus Miranda Caniato    
  •  Fábio Régis de Souza    
  •  Wildson Benedito Mendes Brito    
  •  Carlos Alberto Franco Tucci    


Amazonian soils have some physical, chemical and mineralogical differences, understanding the differences is important to understand the behavior of nutrients in the soil, especially phosphorus. The study was carried out in two types of soils: a Hydromorphic soil profile and a Non-hydromorphic soil profile in the Central Amazon region of Brazil, located in the metropolitan area of Manaus. Five depths were sampled: 0.00-0.05; 0.05-0.1; 0.1-0.2; 0.2-0.4; and 0.4-0.6 m. Physical, chemical, mineralogical and morphological attributes of both soils were studied. With the exception of clay, the levels of sand and silt remained stable in depth. The levels of organic matter gradually decrease in depth. The pH in water and in KCl, ∆pH, point of zero load, were similar between the surface and subsurface soils. Al3+, H++Al3+, CECt, CECT and clay activity were similar in Non-hydromorphic soil and increase in surface (< 0.2 m) and stabilize in subsurface (> 0.2 m). In both soils, the bases are reduced in subsurface (> 0.2 m). Aluminum and iron oxalate reduce with greater expressiveness in Non-hydromorphic soil. Aluminum and dithionite iron exhibit the same behavior. The levels of Goethite (Gt) and Hematite (Hm) are high in depth in the Non-hydromorphic soil and decrease in the Hydromorphic soil. There are sensitive distinctions between soils, due to the imposed edaphoclimatic conditions.

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