Morphological and Biochemical Study of Bidens pilosa on the Effects of Extract of Urochloa ruziziensis

  •  Érica Marusa Pergo Coelho    
  •  Patrícia Aparecida Galletti    
  •  Elizandra Aparecida Britta    
  •  Andréia Cristina Peres Rodrigues da Costa    
  •  Valdir Zucareli    


Bidens pilosa is an aggressive species that competes with crops and, in addition, has a high capacity to acquire resistance or tolerance to herbicides. Thus, the objective of the present study was to investigate the allelopathic effects of aqueous extract of Urochloa ruziziensis on germination, development, respiration, antioxidant enzymes and cells morphology of B. pilosa seedlings during initial growth at laboratory.The seeds were sown with water or U. ruziziensis extract at concentrations of 250, 500 and 900 ppm, and after four days the percentage of germinated seeds, root and hypocotyl development, as well as respiration, peroxidase and catalase activity by seedlings, were analysed. The results were submitted to analysis of variance (ANOVA) and the means compared by the Tukey test and regression analysis. The cellular structures of the root with U. ruziziensis extract treatment (0, 500 and 900 ppm) were also analysed by transmission electron microscopy. The application of the extract reduced the germination of the seeds. The root growth increased, however, there was a reduction in the dry matter mass at 500 ppm. Mitochondrial respiration decreased and there was an increase in the activity of the peroxidase and catalase enzymes at 500 ppm. Morphological changes in the cells were also found, mainly with this concentration. Thus, it is possible can be concluded that allelochemicals present in extract from U. ruziziensis have the potential to provoke oxidative stress in B. pilosa seedlings in laboratory, mainly at a concentration of 500 ppm. This oxidative stress caused alterations mainly in the energetic metabolism of this plant, being this a primordial factor for its growth and survival.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.