Spatial-Temporal Dynamics of Vegetation Cover in a Diversity Hotspot for the Conservation of Brazilian Cerrado

  •  Nathan C. Fonsêca    
  •  Giselle L. Moreira    
  •  José Nailson B. Santos    
  •  Marília Isabelle O. da Silva    
  •  Máida Cynthia D. de Lima    
  •  Ana Jéssica S. Barbosa    
  •  Jéssica Stéfane A. Cunha    
  •  Diogo José O. Pimentel    
  •  Flávio Cipriano de A. do Carmo    
  •  Felipe S. Amorim    


This work investigates the spatial-temporal dynamics of land use and vegetation covers in a conservation area of Cerrado, in the county of Currais, Piauí, in which the economy depends on large agricultural projects. We used maps of a 32-year time series (1985 to 2017) of land use and cover provided by the Brazilian Annual Land Use and Land Cover Mapping Project (MapBiomas). We assessed six classes of land uses and vegetation covers: forest, savanna, grassland, agriculture/pasture, non-vegetated area, and water bodies. There was a fast increase in pressure on natural ecosystems from 1985 and 2017, primarily from 2000. The land use for agriculture and pasture increased from 0.26% (726.93 ha) in 2000 to 16% (50,772.63 ha) in 2017. During this period, the native vegetation decreased 15.90%, with savannas suffering the largest loss in hectares of vegetation (41,663.73 ha), followed by the forests (9,837.35 ha). The grassland cover, non-vegetated area, and water bodies remained unchanged. These results provide essential information for decision making and can be used to guide public policies for the conservation, monitoring, and sustainable management of remnant vegetation areas.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.