Subsoiling and Planting Method on the Initial Growth of ‘Pera’ Sweet Orange (Citrus sinensis (L.) Osbeck)

  •  Thaís N. Meneses    
  •  Mauricio A. Coelho Filho    
  •  Hermes P. Santos Filho    
  •  Luana L. A. Santos    
  •  Abelmon S. Gesteira    
  •  Walter S. Soares Filho    
  •  Orlando S. Passos    


The objective of this work was to evaluate the vegetative vigor and root architecture of ‘Pera CNPMF D-6’ sweet orange grafted on Rangpur lime at early stage of development, submitted to different planting methods (planting of nursery trees produced in a protected environment-PNT and planting of seeds at the definitive place-PS) and soil preparation with and without subsoiling. The experiment was carried out at the Lagoa do Coco Farm, Rio Real, Bahia, Brazil. Biometric evaluations were performed to estimate the variables: canopy volume (CV), vegetative vigor index (VVI) and canopy cover rates in the planting row (CCR-R) and interrow (CCR-I). Root samples were also collected up to a depth of 1.45 m at five points in the planting row. The roots were digitized and processed to obtain total root length (TRL), root length density (RLD), average root diameter (RD) and root length for the diameter classes. Plants produced in protected environment exhibit greater shoot vegetative and root development compared to those produced by sowing at the definitive place, at least for the young orchard and under rainfed conditions. Subsoiling did not affect root system distribution and PNT favored the increase in TRL along the soil profile compared to PS, for all diameter classes evaluated, contributing to the increase in vegetative vigor observed in the plants. Regardless of the management practices adopted, roots were concentrated in the first 0.35 m of the vertical soil profile, due to physical impediment caused by the presence of cohesive horizons.

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