Genetics of Resistance in F2 Soybean Populations for Adzuki Bean Bruchid (Callosobruchus chinensis)

  •  Ulemu Mercy Msiska    
  •  Mehari Gebremedhn Hailay    
  •  Belay Weldekidan Miesho    
  •  Angele Pembele Ibanda    
  •  Phinehas Tukamuhabwa    
  •  Samuel Kyamanywa    
  •  Thomas Lapaka Odong    
  •  Patrick Rubaihayo    


Adzuki bean bruchid (Callosobruchus chinensis) is a significant pest of soybean in Uganda. To sustainably manage this pest, utilization of resistant soybean varieties is the key solution. Development of resistant varieties needs knowledge on modes of inheritance which is crucial in selection of parent materials. To identify parents, a study was initiated to determine the gene action and mode of inheritance of resistance to bruchids in soybean. Nine parental lines were crossed in a full-diallel at Makerere University Agricultural Institute, Uganda. The generated F1s were advanced to F2 and seeds were evaluated for response to bruchid infestation in a randomised complete block design. Ten seeds were infested with 10 randomly selected unsexed 1-3 day old bruchids. Genotypes showed significant differences in seed weight loss (swl), adult bruchid emergence (ABE) and Dobie susceptibility index (DSI) indicating that these parameters could be used to screen genotypes in genetic analysis. Mean squares of general combining ability (GCA) were significant (P < 0.05) for swl, DSI and number of ABE from the F2 seeds indicating additive gene action. Susceptibility parameters ABE and DSI showed significant specific combining ability (SCA) indicating non-additive gene action. Resistance was influenced by maternal effects indicating that direction of the cross was important. Genotypes S-Line 9.2 and S-Line 13.2A showed negative significant GCA effects for at least two of the susceptibility parameters indicating that they were the best parents for bruchid resistance breeding. The study established that additive, non additive and maternal effects governed the gene expression in soybean resistance to bruchids.

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