Evaluation of Growth and Morphological Pattern of Mycorrhization in Cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.)] Fertilized With Phosphorus

  •  José Maria Tupinambá da Silva Júnior    
  •  Paulo Furtado Mendes Filho    
  •  Vânia Felipe Freire Gomes    
  •  Ricardo Luiz Lange Ness    
  •  Aldênia Mendes Mascena de Almeida    
  •  Kaio Gráculo Vieira Garcia    


Microorganisms perform important functions in the soil and, among these organisms, the role of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in plant growth should be highlighted. AMF colonize the roots of most plant species and their beneficial functions in plant development include increased absorption of nutrients from the soil, especially those of low mobility such as phosphorus (P). Evaluating agricultural practices conducted by farmers, such as phosphate fertilization, and observing how they will influence AMF activity in benefiting plant growth should be prioritized. Thus, an experiment was conducted in greenhouse to evaluate the effect of phosphate fertilization on the growth of cowpea plants colonized by AMF and to know which morphological pattern of colonization prevails in their roots. Five P doses and a control treatment, without fertilization, were added to the soil. Cowpea plants respond to phosphate fertilization up to the dose of 240.50 mg P kg-1 soil, for shoot dry mass and in the dose of 150 mg P kg-1 soil, for plant height. The morphological pattern observed in the roots was the intermediate type, characterized by the presence of intra and intercellular hyphae and vesicles, and there was no influence of phosphate fertilization on morphology. High P contents added to the soil led to a reduction in mycorrhizal colonization in cowpea roots.

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