Structuring of a Haplortox by Soil Cover Species

  •  Luciene Kazue Tokura    
  •  Deonir Secco    
  •  Luiz Antônio Zanão Júnior    
  •  Jair Antonio Cruz Siqueira    
  •  Samuel Nelson Melegari de Souza    
  •  Reinaldo Aparecido Baricatti    
  •  Alessandra Mayumi Tokura Alovisi    
  •  Andersson Barison    
  •  Bruna de Villa    
  •  Maurício Antônio Pilatti    
  •  Katlin Suellen Rech    
  •  Romeu Reginatto    


The objective of this work was to evaluate the effect of soil cover species and management systems in improving the physical characteristics of a Haplortox and its effects on grain yield and soybean oil content. The experimental area, consisted of 15 treatments in a completely randomized experimental design. Each plot had size of 20 × 25 m. The treatments consisted of: traditional no-tillage system (control), no-tillage system with application of gypsum, no-tillage with scarification and 12 treatments with cover species called soil structure reclaimers. Soil samples were collected in the layers of 0-0.10; 0.10-0.20 and 0.20-0.30 m, with four replicates. The physical attributes evaluated were bulk density, total porosity, microporosity, macroporosity and saturated hydraulic conductivity in the periods of 2014, 2015 and 2016. In the soybean crop the grain yield, oil content, weight of 100 grains, average height of plants and number of plants/m were evaluated in each treatment with four replications. The oil content was performed by the low-field nuclear magnetic resonance method. The averages of the treatments were compared by the Tukey test at 5% of significance. The results showed that five months after soil scarification did not affect bulk density. Eleven months after gypsum application discrete improvements in density, total porosity, microporosity and soil hydraulic conductivity occurred in the 0-0.10 and 0.10-0.20 m layers. It was also concluded that grain yield, oil content, weight of 100 grains and number of plants per meter were not influenced by the soil cover species and soil management systems.

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