Soil Attributes Using Different Agricultural Use Systems in the Rio Grande do Norte Semiarid, Brazil

  •  Ana Karenina Fernandes de Sousa Ribeiro    
  •  Jeane Cruz Portela    
  •  Rafael Oliveira Batista    
  •  Carolina Malala Martins Souza    
  •  Joseane Dunga da Costa    
  •  Phâmella Kalliny Pereira Farias    
  •  Tarcísio José de Oliveira Filho    


The semiarid region is extremely fragile to anthropogenic actions. Thus, the objective of this study is to evaluate the physical and chemical attributes of soils with different agricultural uses. The research was carried out in the municipality of Governador Dix-Sept Rosado. Fertility and physical analyses were performed. The results were interpreted by multivariate analysis. The soils that presented a eutrophic character were influenced by lithology. In the Cambissolo (Haplustepts), there was an increase in the limits of liquidity and plasticity due to the increase of the clay fraction and total organic carbon. By the particle size analysis, the profiles presented variations in textural classes. We concluded that the physical attributes moisture, liquidity limit, plasticity limit, clay plasticity index, thin sand and the chemical attributes pH, (H + Al), V and PST were the most sensitive for the distinction of environments. The studied areas presented acidity reactions to alkalinity with presence of Al3+, (H + Al) and high salinity.

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