Markov Chain Confidence Intervals and Biases

  •  Yu Hang Jiang    
  •  Tong Liu    
  •  Zhiya Lou    
  •  Jeffrey S. Rosenthal    
  •  Shanshan Shangguan    
  •  Fei Wang    
  •  Zixuan Wu    


We derive explicit asymptotic confidence intervals for any Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) algorithm with finite asymptotic variance, started at any initial state, without requiring a Central Limit Theorem nor reversibility nor geometric ergodicity nor any bias bound. We also derive explicit non-asymptotic confidence intervals assuming bounds on the bias or first moment, or alternatively that the chain starts in stationarity. We relate those non-asymptotic bounds to properties of MCMC bias, and show that polynomially ergodicity implies certain bias bounds. We also apply our results to several numerical examples. It is our hope that these results will provide simple and useful tools for estimating errors of MCMC algorithms when CLTs are not available.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1927-7032
  • ISSN(Online): 1927-7040
  • Started: 2012
  • Frequency: bimonthly

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