Partial Ordered Logit Analysis of Confidence Levels in Financial Institutions in Ghana. The Case of Asante Mampong Municipality

  •  Isaac Abunyuwah    


In recent times the financial sector (FS) of Ghana has been saddled with liquidity and operational challenges leading to several financial policies put in place by the Central Bank. The financial crisis and its resultant stringent measures affected public confidence as many customers lost their investments/savings while some financial institutions were consolidated or collapsed. Noting the critical role of public confidence in the financial sector, this paper assessed the confidence levels in FS of Ghana, using Asante Mampong Municipality as a case study. A random sample of 384 respondents was used. Due to the ordinal nature of the dependent variable (confidence levels), the Partial Proportional Odds (PPO) model was used when the ordered logit model failed to pass the proportional odds assumption. About 46.4% of the respondents reported having ‘no confidence’ in the financial institutions of the country, while 37% indicated having ‘somehow confident’ in the sector. Less than 20% of the respondents expressed ‘confident’ (13.3%) or ‘very confident’ (3.4%) in the FS. Duration of engagement with a financial institution, loss of investment, awareness of crisis/reforms of the financial sector and income levels affected the confidence levels in the financial sector. Financial institutions are recommended to strengthen their relationship with customers by providing improved services and policy measures that secure customers investment/savings to ensure sustained and increased levels of confidence.

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