Synthesis and Structure of Organic-Inorganic Hybrid Semi-interpenetrating Polymer Network Gels


  •  Naofumi Naga    
  •  Yukie Uchiyama    
  •  Yuri Takahashi    
  •  Hidemitsu Furukawa    

Abstract

Semi-interpenetrating polymer network (semi-IPN) gels have been synthesized using a hydrosilylation reaction of 1,3,5,7-tetramethylcyclotetrasiloxane (TMCTS) as a joint molecule, and a,w-nonconjugated dienes, 1,5-hexadiene (HD) or 1,9-decadiene (DD) as linker molecules in the presence of polystyrene (PS) as a liner polymers in toluene or cyclohexane. Network structure, mesh size and mesh size distribution, of the resulting semi-IPN gels was quantitatively characterized by means of a scanning microscopic light scattering (SMILS). The relaxation peaks derived from three kinds of structures were detected in the semi-IPN gels prepared in toluene by the SMILS analysis. One was derived from the mesh formed by TMCTS/a,w-nonconjugated dienes about 1-2 nm. Others were derived from transition networks about 20-150 nm and large clustered liner polymer chains about 700-2300 nm. Effect of concentration and molecular weight of the liner polymer on the network structure of the semi-IPN gels in toluene was investigated. The relaxation peaks derived from transition networks or random coils formed by aggregated PS chains were detected in the semi-IPN gels containing high concentration or high molecular weight PS. The semi-IPN gels containing PS were also prepared in cyclohexane as a poor solvent for PS at 40ºC, which was a higher temperature than the upper critical solution temperature (UCST = 34ºC) of PS in cyclohexane. The network structure of the semi-IPN gels was traced by SMILS on the cooling process. In the semi-IPN gel with the short linker molecule of HD, the relaxation peak derived from clustered PS chains was detected over the UCST. By contrast, the relaxation peak derived from transition network was observed in the semi-IPN gel with the long linker molecule of DD.



This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9698
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-9701
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: semiannual

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