Study on the Structure and Properties of a Hybrid Resins

  •  Mingkang An    
  •  Daofang Shi    
  •  Guojun wang    


Polysilicate modified polyurea/vinyl ester hybrid resins were produced by dispersing water glass (WG) in a mixture of
vinyl ester (VE) and polyisocyanate in presence of a liquid phosphate as emulsifier. As styrene-crosslinkable VE resins
bisphenol A (BA) and novolac types (N), whereas as polyisocyanate a polymeric methylene diphenyl isocyanate (PMDI)
were used. The structure and selected properties of the hybrid resins were determined and compared to those of the neat
VEs and polysilicate filled polyurea (denoted as 3P resin). Using VE for resin hybridization, which worked as an
additional emulsifier for the WG/PMDI/phosphate system, resulted in a fine particle dispersion of the polysilicate. It
was found that the type of VE affected not only the dispersion of WG (and thus of the polysilicate) but also the network
formation of the polyurea/VE hybrids and their properties. Information about the structure of the polysilicate filled
hybrid resins was gained from dynamic-mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA), scanning electron and atomic force
microscopic measurements. It was argued that the resin hybridization yielded a conetwork instead of an interpenetrating
one. The properties of the hybrid systems were determined by DMTA, fracture mechanical tests, thermogravimetric
analysis and flammability measurements. It was established that the stiffness and resistance to thermal degradation of
the initial 3P resin was strongly improved by hybridization with VEs. The fracture toughness (Kc) proved to be less
sensitive to the formulation of the hybrid resins. On the other hand, the fracture energy (Gc) and limiting oxygen index
experienced a positive deviation from the additivity as a function of the 3P/VE composition, at least in a given range.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9698
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-9701
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: semiannual

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