The Capping Theory of Chemical Clusters Based on 12N/14N Series

  •  Enos Masheija Rwantale Kiremire    


The genesis of chemical clusters of the transition and main group elements has been established. The base-line for cluster valence electrons has been demarcated with help of capping series. Using the base-line as a reference, the formulas of fragments and clusters were generated.  Also a simple general formula for calculating cluster valence electrons for systems ranging from a single to multi-skeletal element clusters was identified. The concepts of the existence of nuclei in clusters and some having black-holes were well established. The capping principle was extended to the main group and transition elements of the periodic table and a difference between metals and non-metals was discerned. The skeletal elements of clusters whose series have advanced beyond closo baseline level S=4n+2 can be separated into two broad groups, namely those which follow the closo series(nucleus) and those which follow the capping series.

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
  • ISSN(Print): 1916-9698
  • ISSN(Online): 1916-9701
  • Started: 2009
  • Frequency: semiannual

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