The Effects of Ethical Leadership, Servant Leadership and Leader-Member Exchange on Compulsory Citizenship Behaviors

  •  Harun Yildiz    
  •  Bora Yildiz    


In the last three decades, there are numerous studies have been done that investigate some extra role behaviors, their antecedents, and consequences. Although their beneficial effects are widely accepted, some recent studies indicate that extra role behaviors have not always voluntary nature i.e. compulsory citizenship behavior. Instead, the studies stress that sometimes extra-role behaviors are a product of pressure. Right at this point, compulsory citizenship behavior-the dark side of organizational citizenship behavior-appear in the management field. Despite the importance of this construct in terms of its potential negative effects, interestingly, there are limited researches in the literature. In this context, after a literature review on the concept of compulsory citizenship behavior, this study provides a theoretical framework on some rarely studied predictors i.e., ethical leadership, servant leadership, leader-member exchange. Managerial and further research implications are provided.

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