Culture and Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy in Kenya

  •  Christopher Ketter    
  •  Michael Arfsten    


Entrepreneurial enterprises are suggested as a means of reducing poverty and increasing economic success for less developed countries. An Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy (ESE) survey of 823 males between 18 and 35 years of age in Kenya found significant differences among ethnic communities in their perceived ability to successfully accomplish tasks previously associated with entrepreneurial success. The results indicated significant differences among various ethnic communities on total ESE, and on individual subscales of sourcing, planning, marshaling, implementation-people, and implementation-finance. The implications are that resources available to promote entrepreneurial training and education should be targeted to ethnic communities based on increasing entrepreneurial self-efficacy in areas of lower perceived abilities.

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